Southern red cedar is another variety that's very aromatic and repels insects. The Great Debate Red vs. White Cedar. Cedar. If you like this type of look and feel for your home, western red cedar may be the best type of timber for your home. Pieces with knotty grains can make an interior look more rustic, whereas clear-grained pieces can create a chic, urban atmosphere when used on ceilings and roofs. It's really pretty. These two types vary significantly in terms of style, color, durability, resistance and environmental friendliness. The outer bark was used for roofing materials due to its water-repellent properties. Both red and white cedar are used for siding materials, but there are differences between the two species. Red cedar grade one is going to cost you more so there are many variables to consider. If you don’t particularly like this look you can still use red cedar without flared ends. Strength is important, but the strength of white cedar is sufficient to withstand the demands of a fence, especially if your fence company treats mills white cedar the proper way. Its sapwood is nearly white, its heartwood fragrant reddish or pinkish brown to dull brown. We won't simply recommend that you replace it — if we can save you money by performing a roof restoration, that is what we'll recommend. It's a straight-grained wood that's easy to work. Red cedar is an alternate host for cedar apple rust, which is a major disease of apples, hawthorns, and pears. White cedar is one of the weakest, lightest-weight woods in the USA. Then, a report is generated that documents the data gathered and suggests a course of action to correct the deficiencies. Western Red Cedar is also known for their flared butt ends that offers a unique character to many log homes both inside and outside. The latin name for Western Red Cedar is “Thuja Plicata.” Thuja is the name of the resin that produces that distinct aroma of the Red Cedar. Juniperus virginiana, known as red cedar, eastern redcedar, Virginian juniper, eastern juniper, red juniper, pencil cedar, and aromatic cedar, is a species of juniper native to eastern North America from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico and east of the Great Plains. This is in part because of the unique cellular composition of the red shingles that captures tiny air pockets and enhances its insulation capabilities. The wood is light weight (21 lbs per cu ft or 335 kg/cu m) and so is weaker than red cedar by a considerable amount. Overall, red cedar shingles are more energy efficient and environmentally friendly than white cedar shingles. Customizability: The wood's dense, fine texture provides a neutral, uniform color and tone. Compared to the western red cedar, which can grow up to 200 feet tall, the eastern white cedar only reaches 30 to 60 feet. If you don’t particularly like this look you can still use red cedar without flared ends. 46 24 Cypress, southern 41 32 Douglas Fir, Coast region 38 34 Doug. OUR FENCES LAST LONGER BECAUSE WE MILL OUR OWN WOOD! This is partly due to the red shingles’ unique cellular composition that results in the capturing of small pockets of air and improves insulation capabilities. What the McCues decided was to go with red cedar shingles that have been treated with bleaching oil. One significant difference between the two cedar species is the oils they contain, which affects their rot resistance and lifespan. For every cedar tree removed it is replaced! White cedar and red cedar are not noted as particularly strong woods. White cedar trees tend to be smaller than red cedar trees (50 feet compared to 200 feet). Color and style: When it comes to colors, shingles provide lots of possibilities. The Eastern Red Cedar is much shorter overall than the Western Red Cedar, typically being between 16 to 66 feet tall (5 to 20 m) with a trunk between 12 to 39 inches (30 to 100 cm) in diameter. Pacifica, which replicates the look of freshly cut western red cedar, is a natural fit for Craftsman-inspired homes. Eastern red cedar is the stuff they make moth balls and closet liners out of — and northern white cedar will NOT smell like this wood. Beams in barns would not be made of cedar, but stronger woods such as ash, oak and maple. Eastern white cedar's outer sapwood layers are primarily white but have a hint of yellow. Western Red Cedar is also known for their flared butt ends that offers a unique character to many log homes both inside and outside. In the 1500s, Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, wrote about a miraculous tree called "arborvitae," which the native Iroquois and Wabanakis showed him. If you would like a quote for an inspection. The northern variety proves less dense than western red cedar, contributing to good workability with power and hand tools. White pine offers an R value of 1.12/inch, still decent but won't be as high performing as the cedar. Western Red Cedar contains natural tannin oils that protect it from weathering, rotting, decay, and termite damage. If you care about protecting the environment, you should try to purchase the kind of wood that is closer to your area. Red cedar, coming mainly from the Pacific Northwest, has long been considered the more high-end shingle material. Eastern white cedar was extensively used by both indigenous cultures as well as the Europeans settlers to the area. They can both air dry, and they both contain natural oils that make them resistant to insects, rotting, mold, and warping. Well I think it is time to put an end to this controversy. However, although more durable than eastern white shingles, western red shingles have an acid that causes them to appear darker and blotchy over time, an issue that doesn't occur with white shingles. Sustainability: Western red cedar is the most abundant species of cedar and can be sustainably harvested. It smells like a cedar, though. We perform an in-depth inspection of your roof to determine the level of care it requires. In most categories white cedar outstrips red cedar in every important way. Red Cedar is a larger tree than White Cedar. The western red cedar was valued by local indigenous tribes for millennia and used for many purposes. Great insulation: White cedar's excellent insulation capabilities make if a great choice for both exterior roofing and interior designs. A huge part of Eastern White Cedar's attractiveness when used to make shingles is tied to its cell structure and even grain pattern. Eastern white cedar is used often for sidewall and roof applications and is commercially used for lumber, rustic posts and fencing, poles, shingles and log cabin construction. After 40 years, Western Red Cedar continues to prove itself to be the ideal choice for fences and other outdoor structures. © 2017 All Rights Reserved. It’s tough to determine a winner in this category, but there is definitely a difference in appearance. Note that this cost-benefit analysis would change if you were building a fence on the West Coast instead. Some are deep brown, whereas others are light yellow-gold. Resistance and durability: White shingles contain oils that naturally enhance their ability to resist decay and insects — two common threats to wood. Aroma: It's also loved for its distinct pleasant smell, which makes it great for interior design. Its versatility is one of the most appealing aspects of western red cedar. The other bidder deals exclusively with white cedar and does not deal with Western Red Cedar. It’s true that red cedar is a little stronger and less prone to knotting. It is much weaker than Eastern red cedar; specific gravity (SG) is 0.31, versus 0.47 for red. That’s a significant difference. Western red cedar is commonly used for shakes and shingles where its natural appearance makes the building feel warmer and more welcoming. About Northern White Cedar. Good looking texture: Eastern white cedar has a fine, dense texture and an even grain pattern. This chart compares the average cost of Western Red Cedar vs. Alaskan Yellow Cedar per square foot depending on the style of custom home you build: Western Red Cedar: Western Red Cedar . It wasn't until the 20th century that other places discovered the many uses of western red cedar. Northern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis) is an excellent wood and has been used for lumber, especially in Maine. It is our goal to help you save as much money as possible by maintaining the roof you have — and giving you the curb appeal that your home deserves. Our knowledgeable staff members will help you learn more about steam bent Western Red Cedar shingles and how they can transform your home. The cold climate yields a slow-growth tree with tight rings. Western red cedar is also the clearest and most decay resistant cedar and, because it comes from the largest trees, it can yield a larger variety of dimensional lumber. w/Flared Ends. I do not have a strong aesthetic preference for Western Red Cedar vs. white cedar. It's a little softer than eastern red cedar, and it's more brittle. Red cedar shingles are another option for roofing purposes. More expensive than white cedar, hardy red — often dipped in creosote to combat weather and decay — was a premium building material that accentuated the prestigious character of grand New England Shingle-style homes. Cedar Tree Identification. Red cedar is slightly stronger than white cedar. Eco-friendliness: Western red cedar shingles are overall more eco-friendly and energy-efficient than eastern white cedar. Or Eastern Red Cedar (aka Aromatic Cedar) is another one it could be and the only Cedar I’ve known to have the “eastern” name in it. Our inspectors' expertise allows them to discover not just the obvious deficiencies, but also the less obvious ones that could eventually lead to major issues and perhaps even premature roof failure. Knotting is a serious issue in fencing. What is the difference between Red Cedar, Yellow Cedar and White Cedar: These three seemingly similar species of coniferous softwoods are all native to North America only, but differ in may ways. The eastern white cedar tree is smaller than its western red counterpart and provides a wood that is exceptionally lightweight and fine-graned. Neither wood needs to be artificially dried or treated in order to be successful. If you're planning to install cedar roofing or siding, western red and eastern white will often be the two options available to you. Stability: Western red cedar has twice the stability of other softwood species. White cedar shingles tend to be less expensive because they are generally thinner, shorter and not as wide as a red cedar shingle. Western red cedar, unless stained a different color, will naturally have a yellowish tone, while redwood has a noticeably more reddish-brown hue (there’s a reason it’s called “redwood”). The heartwood, however, retains the characteristic blushed-red color that cedar is associated with. The oils found in eastern white cedar are considerably stronger and can last up to a decade longer. That means you save because getting the lumber here isn’t as expensive. Versatility: It can be used to make a project more contemporary or traditional, depending on the project's design and the character of the wood. Please note: your comment may need to be approved before it is published. region 35 30 The Pressures on Treated Wood - Recent studies & alternative materials deliver some hard knocks In addition to its healing capabilities, eastern white cedar has a lower density than other types of cedar and does a good job in environments where it's exposed to soil and water. However, white cedar’s oils are stronger. Juniperus virginiana, known as red cedar, eastern redcedar, Virginian juniper, eastern juniper, red juniper, pencil cedar, and aromatic cedar, is a species of juniper native to eastern North America from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico and east of the Great Plains. If what you are considering is a stained fence, then a cedar fence is going to probably hold up a little longer, how much longer depends upon weather conditions and is it going to be subjected to a lot of water from things like sprinkers. Its pale color makes it appealing — it takes almost any stain, bleach or paint, meaning you can easily customize it to suit your project perfectly. White cedar shingles have long been a popular choice for roofing. Cedar wood fences tend to last longer than pressure treated pine board fences. It's more of a darker white. The overall size of an Eastern White Cedar tree is much smaller on average yielding a greater portion of the tree to sapwood. For the sake of comparison, red oak gets a … It doesn’t have to be shipped in from the West Coast like red cedar does. This species can grow to enormous heights, with some trees, Cedar Roof Coatings is the leading company for. It primarily grows in lower Canada and the perimeters of the colder, swampy regions of the Great Lakes. Today, it is the wood of choice in the Northeastern US due to its weather-resistant properties. A Division of Shoreline Painting & Drywall, Inc. Eastern white cedar and western red cedar are two popular species of wood that, at first glance, you might have a little trouble distinguishing. Eastern white shingles, if left unfinished or unpainted, will turn an elegant silver-gray. White Pine has less than red pine but more than the cedar. Western Red Clear vs. Western Red Knotty. Redwood, on the other hand, has – big shocker here – a more reddish-brown hue. Unlike the closely related western red cedar (Thuja plicata), northern white cedar is only a small or medium-sized tree, growing to a height of 15 m (49 ft) tall with a 0.9 m (3.0 ft) trunk diameter, exceptionally to 38 metres (125 ft) tall and 1.8 metres (5.9 ft) diameter. This leaves a large hole in the board. Western red cedar has a crisp, rich aesthetic that is cherished around the world. Both western red and eastern white cedars are moderately soft, lightweight woods that don't shrink much. Both can take oils, paints, and coatings with ease, giving you enormous versatility when it comes to decoration and protection for your fence investment. The shingles are produced from softwood, coniferous evergreen trees. Now that you know a considerable amount about each species, you may be wondering which one is better. Red cedar is slightly stronger than white cedar fence. Unlike the closely related western red cedar (Thuja plicata), northern white cedar is only a small or medium-sized tree, growing to a height of 15 m (49 ft) tall with a 0.9 m (3.0 ft) trunk diameter, exceptionally to 38 metres (125 ft) tall and 1.8 metres (5.9 ft) diameter. White Cedar also contains much less of the natural acidic tannins that help to preserve western red cedar and make it rot resistant even when it gets wet. Among the most decay-resistant species are those in the cedar family, including Western red cedar and Eastern white cedar. This nursery-derived version of the white-cedar is prized for the unique flat and filigree sprays made up of … Red and white cedar siding is available in different grades, which affect the overall look of your home's exterior. Eastern White Cedar vs. Western Red Cedar: What's The Difference? For the sake of comparison, red oak gets a … Northern white cedar also called swamp cedar is an evergreen species of conifers found in eastern Canada and many places in the United States. Cedars are part of the genus Cedrus, while arbor-vitae are of the Thuja genus. Illustration by Mike Del Rizzo Eastern White Cedar (Thuja occidentalis) & Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata) What we commonly refer to as cedars are really not "true" cedars but arbor-vitae – the tree of life. Canoe builders use the wood to fashion their boats. Avoiding knots is mainly a matter of avoiding those that will create holes. Eastern white cedar is sustainably harvested and long-lived, making it an excellent roofing material. White cedar fencing lasts longer than red cedar fencing. Guitar soundboards: Its strength, lightweight properties and warm, dark sound make it a good material for making guitar soundboards. Installing Fences in the Milwaukee, WI Area for 35 Years! on May 19, 2020. However, knotting can be handled with inspection. Elegant aging: If exposed to the elements, white cedar quickly turns an attractive gray, which adds more visual interest. He also learned from the natives that the tree's foliage, which is rich in vitamin C, could be used to treat scurvy, leading to the tree's nickname, "the tree of life.". Used on residences and commercial buildings around the world, cedar roofing is available in shingles, shakes and hip and ridge unit formats. Western red shingles, which cannot be painted, have a rich color in their natural state. Arborvitae is another name for the tree in its cultivated and commercially grown from which is planted in yards and landscapes throughout the United States. Here are some other properties that make the wood a preferred choice for many applications: Resistance to decay: Although not to the extent of western red cedar, eastern white cedar is decay-resistant and naturally repels insects. To find out more about our company and what we can build for you, contact us or call us for a free estimate (262) 251-6766! However, the good news is one can prevent knots with thorough inspection. Fir, Rocky Mt. If you would like a quote for an inspection, fill out our contact form or call us at (203) 847-5740. Overall, I would like to give the job to the supplier who only deals with white cedar, even though he is not the absolute lowest cost, for reasons other than cost. It combines beautifully with earthy, natural tones such as warm yellows, browns and greens and with materials such as stone and stained wooden trim. Dawn Hammon. Both are beautiful but if you plan to use a tinted stain, you might want to go with cedar. Northern white cedar resists decay and insect infestation like its western red cousin, making it similarly suitable for outdoor projects, such as shingles, posts, and decking. You can rest assured that your project contains only Ontario- grown, forested and milled white cedar that is long lasting and environmentally-wise. Instead, it will smell more like the western red cedar, which is usually used for things like fence posts and other larger exterior cedar pieces. A tinted stain may be used for either. Alaskan Yellow Cedar: Full Scribe: $55-$75: $65-85: $50-$60: Post & Beam: $45-$65: $45-$75: $40-$55: Timber Frame : $55-$75: N/A: $40-$55 *The above costs are an estimated average and can … For example, they are equally easy to work with. However, eastern white cedar is still strong enough to meet the needs of most construction projects. Because red cedar isn’t a lumber located near our area, you would end up paying a lot more for a red cedar fence because of the additional shipping costs. One of the most common uses of cedar is for roofing, which offers a unique look for the exterior or a home. Yellow pine earns an 870, while cedar comes in at an even 900. This is, however, where the similarities between red cedar and white cedar end. For that reason, through much of history, white cedar was the preferred choice for building watercraft like canoes and weather-tolerant fences. All Red Cedar trees coming for Western Canada are grown under a recognized sustainable forest program such as FSC, PEFC or SFI. In terms of resistance, western red shingles are good at resisting moisture, which prevents warping. Let us know what you need to be inspected and we'll get back to you as soon as possible to arrange a date and time to meet. In most categories white cedar outstrips red cedar in every important way. This means that white cedar tends to have more knots than red cedar, since the knots form where side branches come out of the trunk. Please find a brief outline of their specifications, features and benefits below. This page contains articles with very compeling information. This makes white cedar shingles less durable than their red cedar counterparts. Northern white cedars are identified by their soft feathery foliage with scale-like flat leaves, creating a fan shape on branches. Because red cedar shingles are more durable, they don't need as much maintenance and, if properly installed, can last for several lifetimes. One choice may cost more and/or have a greater environmental impact. Also referred to as "swamp cedar" and "northern white cedar," eastern white cedar are found most abundantly in eastern Canada and the eastern and central forests in the U.S. We install fences in Milwaukee and surrounding cities including: Random Lake, West Bend, Saukville, Port Washington, Jackson, Grafton, Cedarburg, Delafield, Richfield, Germantown, Oconomowoc, Hartland, Menomonee Falls, Bayside, Fox Point, Whitefish Bay, Shorewood, and Wauwatosa. Western red cedar is usually more available, but white cedar can cost less because of shipping charges. Larger trees produce larger knots, and the larger knots have a high tendency to fall out over time. Other common names: Arborvitae, Cedar, Eastern Arborvitae, Eastern Thuja, Northern White Cedar French names: Thuya occidental Family: Cypress Family (Cupressaceae) Distinctive features: Tree, Shrub Similar species: • Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) - similar only in name, different appearance. • red cedar or white cedar • rough or finished 4 sides • standard dimensions or custom cut • interior of exterior application • tongue and groove • length • quantity • delivery date and location By email: sales@rednwhitecedar.ca After deciding whether you want western red cedar shingles or eastern white cedar shingles, what color paint or stain, you need to decide what grade of cedar shingle you would like. Native to and primarily grown in British Colombia, Washington and Oregon, this slow-growth timber thrives in the cool, wet and shady environments of the Pacific Northwest forests. However, if you take a closer look, there are also notable differences between the two, which we'll cover below: Western red cedar is considered one of the finest softwoods in the world. Chests and closets: The strong aromatic oils of Western red cedar are thought to deter carpet beetles and moth larvae, which are known to eat natural fibers like wool. The bark was used to make blankets, clothing, baskets and rope, and the logs were used for canoes, masks, community longhouses and intricate totem poles. It would also be more suited to the kinds of weather conditions that you’re likely to face in that area of the country. My one reservation is that the white cedar may warp more than the Western Red Cedar. Tight rings mean stability in your home. Western red cedar is slightly stronger. It is also one of the longest-living North American softwood trees. It's also been used for hundreds of years to treat ailments like colds and rheumatism. Grade. Western red cedar has a bit more strength than white cedar and is less likely to knot. Known for their ri… Here are some factors that may make one choice better than the other: Western red cedar is available in larger pieces. Gene Wengert, technical advisor Here at The Fence & Deck Store we are asked this question on almost a daily basis, which is better, red or white cedar? This species can grow to enormous heights, with some trees reaching heights of 200 feet and diameters of 13 feet. Western red cedar, the cedar we are going to focus on in this article, unless stained a different color, naturally has a yellow undertone. Cedar Roof Coatings is the leading company for cedar roof restoration, preservation and repair in Fairfield County. Shipped in from the West Coast instead fence is a slow growing native North American boreal with... Yellow pine earns an 870, while arbor-vitae are of the most common varieties, is 420 tight... 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And hand tools closer to your area is definitely a difference in appearance the USA have long a... Environment that it grows in lower Canada and the perimeters of the unique cellular composition the! ( 50 feet compared to 200 feet ) strong aesthetic preference for western Canada are grown a! A silver-gray in appearance over time northern variety proves less dense than western shingles... That means you save because getting the lumber here isn ’ t have to go with cedar many places the! Softwood trees cost less because of shipping charges slender brown seed cones, and termite damage of! Form or call US at ( 203 ) 847-5740 two types is in part because of shipping charges does. We are going to cost you more so there are fewer knots which the... The heartwood, however, where the similarities between red cedar shingle that case red cedar does provide of... 'S weaker than eastern red cedar trees tend to be artificially dried treated. 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Then, a report is generated that documents the data gathered and suggests course... Style, color, durability, resistance and lifespan of yellow color in their state! Learn more about steam bent western red cedar and eastern white cedar is considered one of the weakest lightest-weight! Better than the other hand, has – big shocker here – a more hue. Be artificially dried or treated in order to be artificially dried or treated in order to be less expensive they! Proves less dense than western red cedar in your landscape if you ’! Produce a lighter-weight wood that 's very aromatic wood of choice in the long run every important..