statement on the meaning, value and methods of philosophy, and the need for it in human life, the work endeavours to make out that, though a scientific spirit is necessary in any study of philosophy, science cannot satisfy the vital urges in man. Swami Sivananda differs from Hegel’s conception of philosophy as the work of the unifying Reason. Man possesses nothing superior to reason, and so philosophy cannot go beyond it. All values, intrinsic or extrinsic, are rooted in the judgment of the supreme value of the realisation of the Absolute, which is the eternal home of all other values and in which all other values find their fulfilment. The Absolute is necessary for the world, but the world is not necessary for the Absolute. The Philosophy of Finding Meaning in Life Numerous studies, many conducted by agnostics, have demonstrated a close link between spiritual practices and happiness. For the Greek philosopher Plato (c. 428 – c. 347 BC), the meaning of life is the pursuit of knowledge. God either exists or not, and is necessary or unnecessary for an explanation of experience. Philosophers are its voice” (Philosophy and Teachings, p.1). To Plato, philosophy is the dear delight, and the philosopher is the spectator of all time and all existence, and is one who sets his affections on that which really exists. The philosophical basis of modern physics and biology also can be comprised under metaphysics. In the realisation of the Supreme Being the mind of the individual is completely transcended, together with all its dualistic categories. Under epistemology the various theories and processes of the acquisition of right knowledge, as well as the nature and possibility of wrong knowledge, are discussed in detail. Your life philosophy needs to apply in all situations and circumstances. The mind does not partake of the characteristics of Reality. Sensation, perception, inference, comparison, verbal testimony, presumption, non-apprehension and non-relational intuition are the various phases of the ways of right knowledge. Yes, we cannot have a satisfactory metaphysics of reality if reason is our sole aid, for, it is true that all our knowledge is empirical and limited, being confined to the categories of the sensibility and understanding, from which no one, ordinarily, can extricate himself. Here consciousness and being become one. Personal philosophy, whose focus is resolving the existential questions about the human condition, It has been suggested that this article be, Religion as an attempt to overcome the existential predicament. “Philosophy has its roots in the practical needs of man. The aesthetic consciousness is thus the result of a partial expression of the universal in conscious experience. Thus philosophy is the pathway to the realisation of the Absolute Consciousness through the ladder of the different stages of the relative consciousness. But we forget this. The spirit of the Vedanta must be ingrained in one’s cells or tissues, veins, nerves and bones. Hence the source as well as the aim of philosophy is direct experience, non-mediate, supersensory and super-logical. The process of refining this philosophy is like building a ship. The truth is that the reverse is the case. Philosophy should, therefore, constitute a comprehensive analysis and study of the whole of experience. The form and shape of philosophy has necessarily to depend on the stuff out of which the world of experience is made, on account of its having to perform the function of transmitting the knowledge of the super-mundane ideal to the realm of mundane values. The movement of thought is from the physical to the biological, from the biological to the logical, and from the logical to the spiritual. The several causes of error in perception are also discussed under epistemology. Primary virtues are those which are directly concerned with the conscious movement of the finite to the Infinite, and the secondary ones are those indirectly responsible for this attainment. When I was first asked to write a philosophy paper, the first step I did was looking to the literary meaning of the word “philosophy”. Philosophy has no quarrel with science; it concedes that science is necessary and useful in reinforcing its own conclusions, but it strictly warns science that it is limited to physical phenomena. It should be a personal and simple philosophy with the aim of tackling the existential issues of our lives that we will all inevitably face.Through this, we can endeavour to integrate meaning into our lives. The Stoic does not seek to extinguish emotions, only to avoid emotional … A justification of the super-mental and non-temporal Absolute is attempted through a searching analysis and understanding of sense-experience and rational judgment, while the defects and implications of the latter are fully disclosed. The Importance of the Study of Western Thought, Part II: A Comparative Study of Some Western Philosophers. The architect of the monumental mansions of philosophy is not merely the abstract and unaided intellect, but the intellect free from all desires, purged of all prejudices, and based on immediate intuition. It is the way, not simply of explaining what ought to be, but of directly experiencing that which eternally exists” (Voice of Sivananda, pp.2,3). Learn more. Religion is the ultimate concern in this view. Hence nothing that is known to the human being in this empirical world can be of any use in the realm of the trans-empirical Consciousness. Everyone has a philosophy on life, whether they realize it or not. Epistemological problems are, therefore, in the end, problems of the nature and the manner of the manifestation of the Absolute through the psycho-physical organism. The good is that which, directly or indirectly, leads the individual to the experience of the Absolute, which is the ultimate good. Philosophy is the most inclusive of all branches of learning, and acts as a touchstone to all other aspects of human knowledge. Knowledge is said to be erroneous when one thing is mistaken for another, whatever the reason be for this error. Philosophy investigates the very possibility and conditions of knowledge, its extent, nature and value. Swami Sivananda holds philosophy to be the Vedanta or the consummation of knowledge, Brahmavidya, or the sacred lore of the Eternal, which is inseparable from Yogasastra, or the methodology of the ascent of the finite to the infinite. When reason draws inspiration from non-sensory experience and breathes the air of intuition, what it declares is not merely a regulative principle but the representation of what is real in the highest sense. The 3rd International Conference on Philosophy and Meaning in Life will be held June 17-19, 2020 at the University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. Thus, many of the schools of Western philosophy would be excluded from Swami Sivananda’s definition of philosophy. John Dewey almost hits the mark when he holds that a catholic and far-sighted theory of the adjustment of the conflicting factors of life is philosophy. It is not conscious and also not universal in nature. It marches bold like a heroic warrior with truth, justice and wisdom as its supreme aims. But on this ground he would not agree with Kant that philosophical pursuits should be given up altogether as specimens of a vain enterprise on the part of man. The main problem commences with the study of man himself, and in searching for the true This will not suffice. The Vedanta is the general term applied in India to such a philosophy of wise adjustment of value based on an undeluded perception of Reality. Beauty is either subjective or objective or relative to the subject and the object. ); Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: entry on emergent properties (Includes a discussion of the meaning of life.) The world is either pluralistic or a single whole; and is real, ideal or unreal, empirical, pragmatic or rational. For him the basis of all knowledge is the existence of the Absolute Self, and perception and the other ways of knowing are meaningful on account of their being illumined by the light of this Self. This confusion is to be found even in Hegel who, not carefully distinguishing between the eternal and the transitory characters present in the world, thinks that the existence of the world is necessary for the perfection of the Absolute. The senses, the understanding and the reason are powerless instruments in one’s attempt at perfectly comprehending its nature or realising it in experience. It is not circumscribed by the limitations of the past, present and future, by the laws of this place or that country, but refers to all times, places and conditions. Psychology is thus one of the most interesting and essential of sciences, inasmuch as it investigates and studies the nature of the operations and behaviour of the mind, which is the medium, in the realm of relativity, of the perception of the Absolute. philosophy meaning: 1. the use of reason in understanding such things as the nature of the real world and existence…. The term is generally used in an informal sense, meaning a personal philosophy whose focus is resolving basic existential questions about the human condition rather than an academic philosophical endeavour. According to twentieth century Freudian psychoanalyst Bruno Bettelheim, “our greatest need and most difficult achievement is to find meaning in our lives” (Bettelheim 1978: 3). Philosophy is an intensely practical science. Here we become alive to the supreme function of philosophy, which declares that the super-sensuous basis of matter and energy, space, time and gravitation is the secondless Absolute. Philosophy definition: Philosophy is the study or creation of theories about basic things such as the nature of... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The transitory nature of mediate knowledge affects the whole world of science, for this latter is sense-bound. Questions of this nature are usually discussed under metaphysics. A philosophy of life is an overall vision or attitude toward life and the purpose of it. The crucial difference between life and non-life (or non-living things) is that life uses energy for physical and conscious development. In this view, each person constructs his own unique and temporary essence. Philosophy does not pretend to give us Truth as it is, but is capable of intimating to us the existence of a super-sensible being which presses itself forward in each and every one of our experiences as their sole value, essence and justification, as the highest consummation and beatitude of all individuals in the universe. Stoicism's prime directives are virtue, reason, and natural law, abided to develop personal self-control and mental fortitude as means of overcoming destructive emotions. Matter has now ceased to be what it was to man half a century ago, and today it is more like a myth, a fable or a fancy than reality. Eddington, the well-known scientist, remarks that the scientists have chased the solid substance from the continuous liquid to the atom, from the atom to the electron, and there they have lost it. Beauty is the vision of the Absolute through the senses and the understanding. In a way philosophy is a rational criticism of reason itself, when we take reason to mean not merely an isolated abstract power of intelligence, but also all the objective factors and conditions that are necessary to make it what it is. Philosophy gives us a promise of such a majestic vision. Human activities are limited by time, and death. But this problem does not arise in the philosophy of Swami Sivananda, for, to him, philosophy is but the embodiment in reason of the intuitional wisdom of Truth as it is. It will be seen in the course of the study of the principles constituting the universe that what is implied within in experience is also implied outside in the contents of experience and in the objects and the conditions that are necessary for bringing about this experience. Those people who consistently go to a religious service seem to be happier than those who don’t, and recent research suggests this is not merely because of the social aspect. This is actually what has happened, and great scientists like Max Planck, Einstein, James Jeans and Eddington have given intimations of that something that science is not able to say anything about. The objects of the senses get fused, as it were, in the constitutive essence of the Absolute. Under aesthetics the significance and the nature of beauty are discussed in philosophy. “Philosophy is the expression of the inner urge to know the Atman. The perception of these characteristics is the neutralisation of want and one-sidedness in consciousness, the fulfilment of personality, the completion of being, and hence a manifestation of the Absolute, in some degree, in one’s consciousness. Feeling, at least in certain respects, surpasses understanding, albeit that feeling is often strengthened by understanding. It inspires, renovates, vivifies, invigorates and puts a stop to the never-ending wheel of birth and death and confers immortality, infinite knowledge and bliss” (Vedanta in Daily Life, pp.3-4). Contextual translation of "philosophy in life examples and meaning" into Tagalog. They are not the main dish. Though what is true in the world is the Absolute alone, the names and the forms of the world are not in the latter. Intuition, however, has the special advantage of being able to unfold all that the senses and reason can, and, in addition, also that which these cannot hope to know with all their power. See more. Hegel says in his Philosophy of Religion: “Philosophy is not a wisdom of the world, but is knowledge of what is not of the world; it is not knowledge which concerns external mass or empirical existence and life, but is knowledge of that which is eternal, of what God is, and what flows out of His nature.”. It has always within itself a living undercurrent of significance and implication which gives a vivid picture of the nature of the ultimate end to the understanding mind. There are at least three prevailing theories on how to respond to the existential question. Science, philosophy and mysticism are true and useful in their own places and together constitute the highroad to a knowledge of life as a whole. They are our essence and they differ from one person to another. It is a moral and intellectual science which tries to explain the reality behind appearances by reducing the phenomena of the universe to ultimate causes, through the application of reason and law” (Questions and Answers, p.94). Mysticism mostly concerns itself with the inner relation of the individual to the Eternal Being and with the various techniques of the ascent of the soul in the fulfilment of its religious and spiritual aspirations, with the picturesque experiences it undergoes and the dangers and the difficulties it has to encounter on the way, with the psychology of the phenomenon of religious consciousness and the philosophical foundations and implications of the inner path of the Spirit, and also the meditations which the seeker of Truth has to practise for the ultimate attainment. It bases itself on facts already known and rises above them to absolute verities, on which all phenomena depend and by which alone they can be rationally explained. Philosophy is a general exposition of the ultimate concepts, meanings and values of the things of the universe, by a resort to their final causes which range beyond the reach of the senses. The world is relative to perception and its goal is the Absolute. God, freedom and immortality are not objects of the reason, which reason has to establish independently, but represent the highest goal which reason has to justify, basing itself on the Anubhava or experience of the sages, such as those of the Upanishads. It is spiritual realisation expressed in logical language, while passing through the mill of reason. Philosophy soars above empiricality, though it takes the help of empirical concepts and categories for the sake of proclaiming to the world the truths declared by intuition. If God or a soul does not exist, o… We all have something we believe in or some code of ethics that we adhere to. These thoughts have been existing in order to guide human behaviour and assessing them about their existence, knowledge, values, and reasoning. There are two basic forms of existentialism: Religious existentialism is best exemplified by St. Augustine, Blaise Pascal, Paul Tillich, and the philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard. Here is the gulf between Hegel and Swami Sivananda. It is wrong to think that the world is concrete and the Absolute abstract. 1 : an overall vision of or attitude toward life and the purpose of life. Atheistic existentialism is best exemplified by Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Heidegger, and Jean-Paul Sartre. It is not enough to understand the teachings of philosophy, it is necessary also to feel them in the depths of one’s heart. Under psychology the constitution, function and behaviour of the mind is discussed in philosophy. These codes or principles are what define us. ), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Philosophy of Life in Contemporary Society, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philosophy_of_life&oldid=980949842, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Articles to be merged from September 2020, Articles needing additional references from December 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with sections that need to be turned into prose from April 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 September 2020, at 12:27. The discovery of the ultimate meaning and essence of existence is the central purpose of philosophy. It also delineates the process of cosmogony and cosmology, the concepts of space, time and causation, creation, evolution and involution, as well as the presuppositions of eschatology or the discourse on the nature of life after death. The meaning of our life, its purpose and justification, is to fulfill the expectations of God, and then to receive our final reward. Thus philosophy becomes a universal approach to Truth made by the subject and the object simultaneously with equal authority, meaning and strength, making no difference in value between themselves. “Philosophy is love of wisdom, or striving for wisdom. In mystic or religious experience the intellect and the reason are completely transcended, while philosophy is all intellect and reason, though it is grounded ultimately in deep religious experience. “A clear understanding of man’s relation to God is a matter of momentous importance to students of philosophy and to all aspirants” (Philosophy and Teachings, p.2). There are certain hypothetical conceptions and principles which are absolutely necessary for obtaining scientific knowledge, using the word science in the sense in which it is understood by scientists today, and these are the notions and concepts of the existence of an extended space, of a flowing time and of the presence of material objects outside consciousness. The human situation appears to be a struggle between what is (existence) and what ought (essence) to be. Literature has been the philosophy that reflects the image of the essay and observes the behavior of people in their daily life. It is an attempt at a complete knowledge of being in all the phases of its manifestation in the various processes of consciousness. Philosophy is a rational enquiry into the forms, contents and implications of experience. It, again, is either real, ideal or unreal. Philosophy stands on the shoulders of the senses, but looks beyond them. In his book Apology, Plato quotes his teacher Socrates (c. 470 – 399 BC) saying that “the unexamined life is not worth living”. Mere theorising and lecturing is only intellectual gymnastics. It means that a purely intellectual philosophy can never discover reality, for, this discovery is possible only through super-sensory intuition or Sakshatkara. Ethics is the science of the inner conduct that is good and right. See more ideas about philosophy, meaning of life, knowledge. From the Cambridge English Corpus Their philosophy is one … Philosophy has its goal in the highest generalisation conceivable, and this consists in the final grasping of the deepest meaning of existence taken as a whole. This negative knowledge becomes the starting point of the effort towards its positive realisation in meditation and communion. One must think of unity, speak of unity, and act in unity” (Lectures on Yoga and Vedanta p.134). The Onion (The preeminent internet newspaper that advocates an absurd answer to the question: What is the meaning of Life? The world is either material or mental in nature; and consciousness is independent of or is dependent on matter. Philosophy of life definition, any philosophical view or vision of the nature or purpose of life or of the way that life should be lived. Quite surprisingly we learned from our pilot studies with "quality of life as medicine" that just by assimilating the basic concepts of the quality of life philosophy presented in this series of papers, patients felt better and saw their lives as more meaningful. Life is the aspect of existence that processes, acts, reacts, evaluates, and evolves through growth (reproduction and metabolism). The psychological principles, to Swami Sivananda, are but certain of the several stages and functional points of the appearance of the Absolute in the evolutionary process of the external subtle universe existing behind the gross mass of the five elements. Axiology has to be referred back to metaphysical studies. The difficulty arises due to a false appreciation of the true relation of Reality to appearance. To Kant, metaphysical realities are only regulative principles or ideals of reason that have to be postulated, but cannot be justified by reason. By its very nature it knows only what is outside it and cannot know what is above it or what is presupposed by it. Intuition, however, is not to be classed as one of the ways of knowing, for it is the one supreme way of right knowledge, transcending all other empirical means. Philosophy is a necessary means for the possession of the higher knowledge of the Self. Though philosophy, in the system of Swami Sivananda, is mostly understood in the sense of metaphysics, ethics and mysticism, its other phases also receive in his writings due consideration, and are placed in a respectable position as honourable scions of the majestic metaphysics of his Vedanta. Philosophy as defined from its Greek etymology is the love of wisdom and lot of civilization have its fair share of having its own principle as philosophy in life. It has to be emphasised again that philosophy is not the achievement of the unaided reason walking independently of the non-dualistic intuition, but is only the rational articulation of the super-rational realised in integral intuition. Undifferentiatedness and transcendence of qualities do not in any way mean reducing Reality to non-being. The people who share some of these beliefs become our friends and allies in whatever paths we choose to follow. The latter two are either identical in essence with God, or are attributes or parts of God, or are different from God. 2 [translation of German Lebensphilosophie] : any of various philosophies that emphasize human life or … This leads to a critical examination of the constituents of empirical experience and a profound study of its hidden implications. By intuition, again, we do not mean the sensory intuition of certain Western philosophers, but the integral intuition of Consciousness, which is non-different from the Absolute. This is philosophy. It is never possible to produce a perfect philosophy through the instrumentality of reason alone, for, unbridled reason can easily carry consciousness away from Truth. Man wants to know about transcendental matters when he is in a reflective state. While the intuitional truths are rationally explained by philosophy, it does not pretend to prove the nature of these truths through intellectual or scientific categories. There has been a tendency in recent times to segregate psychology, as a purely objective science, from philosophical studies that are not confined merely to the region of observation. Vedanta is the divine collyrium which removes the cataract of ignorance and gives a new inner eye of intuition or wisdom.” “It gives real inner spiritual strength. It holds that there is one level of reality, existence. It is the way to the knowledge of being as such, of that which is. Literature represented in philosophy, poetry, plays, novels or life stories. All other pursuits of man should stem from the force of this essential vocation of human intelligence. To Swami Sivananda, this is so only when Reality is bifurcated into the objects of reason and of intuition and not taken as one whole. But in spite of the repudiation of the solid reality and sensibility of the material world by the discoveries of modern science, an irrefutable and persistent feeling of reality lingers in the mind of everyone. A philosophy of life is any general attitude towards, or philosophical view of, the meaning of life or of the way life should be lived. Physics is perforce landed in metaphysics. What's the meaning of life? It is an impartial approach to all problems and aspects of life and existence, and its studies are not devoted merely to the empirical world, as in the case of the physical and biological sciences; not restricted to the provinces of faith and authority or to the questions of the other world, as is the case with theological disquisitions; not confined to investigation of the mind and its behaviour, as in psychology; not given over merely to casuistry and ethology, as in the normative science of morality and ethics; not taken up with the consideration of civic duties and problems of administration and constitution, as in the case of politics; not concerned with the solution of problems and techniques of adjusting and ordering and discovering the origin and organisation and development of human society, like economics and sociology; but are adapted for an exhaustive treatment of the basic presuppositions of each and every one of these, as also of what is other than and beyond all these, that on which all these are ultimately founded and which is the ground of all knowledge and experience in general. Philosophy is a term generally applied to a study of all these aspects of life’s meaning, and so it forms the most attractive pursuit of the human being in general. There is no way of entering into communion with it except by being it. Swami Sivananda has recorded in his works his unequivocal conclusions on these wondrous themes, which point in the end to the self-realisation of consciousness in the Absolute. We need not point out here that science lays too much trust in the validity of sense-perception and thus gets vitiated by the gross limitations to which the senses are obviously subject. I found that Philosophy has its roots in two Greek words, “philos “ which means (love) and “sophos” which means (wisdom). The philosophy of Swami Sivananda is not any partial approach to Truth; it is that grand integral method which combines in itself the principles and laws discovered and established by science, metaphysics and the higher religion and which embraces in its vast bosom whatever is true, good or beautiful in the universe. One must radiate love to one and all. On a careful analysis of the nature of the world it is found to fade away into nothingness until only consciousness remains. The ordinary untrained mind confuses what is the permanent element in what we call the world with the abstract appearances, which are merely accidental to it. But a life philosophy doesn’t have to be a complex thing. What we are greatly affects our ways of knowing. If u fail to understand this then u r like a dog that chases every car, you ll eventually end up getting lost somewhere. Michael Chase, Stephen R. L. Clark, Michael McGhee (eds. But within the internal view of meaning, we can argue that meaning is best found in activities that benefit others, the community, or the Earth as a whole. Under axiology philosophy establishes the nature of values in the different stages and views of life, such as physical values, aesthetic values, moral values, religious values, etc. The Absolute is not the one that is coloured by the functions of the senses and the understanding, but the very presupposition of the senses, understanding and reason. However, after reading the works of many educational thinkers, and reflecting deeply upon them, my mind has been. Reason in the philosophy of Swami Sivananda is only a handmaid to the higher intuition, made use of to proclaim the truth and value of intuition in the world of sense-perception. May 30, 2020 - Knowledge, truth, the nature and meaning of life. Be the reason someone feels loved and believes in the goodness in people.” ― … By this method of knowing it is not possible for us to acquire an unshakable knowledge of reality, for mediacy in knowledge does not enjoy the characteristics of permanency. For Spinoza, it is the perception of things sub specie eternitatis. Human translations with examples: union math, gumigitaw meaning, pilosopiya sa buhay. Part one : Philosophy of Life. The Reality that is established in philosophy is to be experienced in the state of deep meditation. There is an urge within him to know about the secret of death, the secret of immortality, the nature of the soul, the creator and the world.” “Philosophy is the self-expression of the growing spirit in man. The senses, reason and intuition are our ways of knowledge in the progressive unfoldment of our nature. Thus, there is no similarity between the characteristics of reason and the nature of Reality. It speaks to the world in the language of the world, for the language of intuition is unintelligible to the world of experience. All knowledge that we ordinarily obtain in this world is mediate, for it requires the operation of the triune process of the knower, knowledge and the known. Psychology, apart from its dealing with general topics, such as the springs of action, thought, intelligence, emotion, will, feeling, the relation of mind and body, the nature of internal conflict, the mechanism of sense-knowledge, etc., may be distinguished as individual, social, educational, religious, analytic and group psychology.