This type of wood is easy to stain, allowing for more color options and variations. The following offers a brief comparison of American hardwoods, softwoods and often misused tropical hardwoods and their appropriate applications: Hardwoods are deciduous trees that have broad leaves, produce a fruit or nut and generally go dormant in the winter. Species List. We've collected and produced some detailed information about tropical hardwood species below. Click on each species to learn more. Extra Flooring. It is a favored wood for use in contrast with lighter-colored species. Take hardwood cuttings from deciduous shrubs and vines (see the suggested plant list) in the fall, after ‘leaf drop’, and before the ground is frozen. We have the largest selection of rare hardwoods from around the world. I’m working my way alphabetically by botanical name, so check out the latest added wood to see where I’m at in the queue! Beech Beech is a UK and Central European species of Hardwood. Unique burls, knots and color variances bring life to each board. Beech is a perishable timber so is best used for internal use only. This cousin of birch and aspen generally prefers wet climates and usually grows in groves along stream banks or on moist hillsides. Hardwoods are hard because their structure tends to be denser than softwoods. How to Bring Warmth and Texture to Your Kitchen, Furniture looks, elegant simplicity mark new styles in kitchen cabinetry, Hardwood Cabinets Enhance Universal Design, Natural Selection: Live-Edge Wood in Home Design, Fashion for the home: Hardwoods are key design element in contemporary furnishings, Furnishing the Nursery with an Eye to the Future, Solid Hardwood Furniture, Still the Classic Choice, Creating Characterful Interiors with Hardwood Moulding, Add style to your home from floor to ceiling, Transform an aging room into a dazzling showcase, Enhance a Home’s Character with Hardwood Architectural Details, Eco-friendly, Health-enhancing Home Design, Taking a closer look at ‘Natural and Healthy’ American hardwood products, American Hardwoods: Renewable, Abundant and Sustainable, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice for Your Home. How Much Dimensional Change Should You Expect? Make sure to order around 10% more flooring than your measurements dictate for your project. Alder, Red. Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. In fact, about 40 percent of American trees are in the hardwood category. This list includes suggested hardwood species that are known for their commercial value. How Much Dimensional Change Should You Expect? Traditionally, they represent wealth, taste and style, with each grain pattern and texture bringing a unique masterpiece of natural splendor to the indoors. When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. Conversely, some hardwoods, such as balsa, are quite soft. Keeping hardwood floors looking beautiful is easier than you think. Maximize your home’s value. In addition to the basics – where they grow, general description, and abundance – each Hardwood profile includes working and physical properties, availability, strength and mechanical properties, and main uses. Hardwoods. Hardwood Finishes More Eco-Friendly than Ever, Know your Hardwood Floors by Starting at the “Finish”, Revealing Hardwood Treasure beneath Carpeting and Linoleum. Each species has its own unique set of characteristics (color, grain pattern, etc.). Janka Rating System Hardwood floors have been prized for centuries for their beauty and wearability. Alder, Red Ash, Black Ash, White Aspen, Quaking Basswood, American Beech, American Birch, Yellow/White Buckeye, Yellow Butternut Cherry, Black Chestnut, American Chinkapin, Giant. They grow in the tropical forests of the world and must be imported for domestic use. Australian Hardwood Species Guide Version June 2018 ver2 Botanical name Eucalyptus obliqua Eucalyptus regnans Eucalyptus delegatensis Eucalyptus dalrympleana Eucalyptus grandis Eucalyptus acmenoides Eucalyptus maculata Eucalyptus pilularis Eucalyptus paniculate/ drepanophylla/ decepta/ sideroxylon mugga Corymbia trachyphloia/ Terminalis/ Each species of hardwood … Wood Name: Specie Name: We have over 250 species of woods and more than 9,000 hand-curated selections offering hobbiests, craftworkers and designers countless options to match any project or style. This diversity of habitat results in an extremely diverse population of tree species. There are many different kinds of tropical hardwoods to choose from. ALDERASHASPENBASSWOODBIRCHCHERRYCOTTONWOOD, Fantastic examples incorporating wood tones to create stylish designs | Houzz, https://www.facebook.com/AmericanHardwoods, https://www.pinterest.com/americanhardwds/, © 2020 Hardwood Manufacturers Association, How Selecting Materials Impacts Our Lives, Trend Alert: Wood Planks Warm up Ceilings and Walls, From modest to magnificent: Create an entertainment space for any home. Oak Red & White. Cucumbertree Elm, American Hackberry Hickory, Shagbark Maximize your home’s value. The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. How Selecting Materials Impacts Our Lives, Stylish projects to personalize your home, Six Imaginative Ways to Use Hardwood in Your Home, Six Ways to Refresh Your Home with Hardwood, Trend Alert: Wood Planks Warm up Ceilings and Walls, From modest to magnificent: Create an entertainment space for any home, American Hardwoods Offer a Breath of Fresh Air, Mix – Don’t Match – Wood Textures and Colors; Experts Across the U.S. Urge Diversity in Design, Straight Talk About Hardwoods from Four Savvy Design Pros, 5 Ways real wood floors add appeal and value, Hardwood Flooring Trends – A Touch of the Creative, Hardwood Flooring Must-Know Shopping Facts. Natural & Rustic Hardwood Species. All lumber is graded to National Hardwood Association Standards The scale used in the table is pounds-force. This hardwood lumber are carefully selected to bring consistency never seen before in rustic grade lumber. Call for questions on inventory. Experts agree, American Hardwood sells! S4S: Surface four sides, call for pricing. (Acer Saccharum, Acer Nigrum) Source: Eastern United States, principally Michigan, Wisconsin, New York and Appalachian Region. Density of Various Wood Species - Density of various wood species - apple, ash, cedar, elm and more Drill Bit Speed - Hardwood and Softwood - Hardwood and softwood drill speed chart Fire Wood - the Cord - The cord is the most common unit for purchasing fuel wood Alder is a relatively soft hardwood of medium density that has low bending strength, shock resistance, and stiffness. S3S: Surface two sides and Straightline rip one edge, add $0.60/bd.ft. The Guide to American Hardwood Species. Here at Durable Wood Products, we've been dealing with tropical hardwoods for many years. One of the most common species for creating hardwood floors is oak. Hardwoods are deciduous trees that have broad leaves, produce a fruit or nut … In general, hardwoods have more wood cells and less air per square inch than softwoods. Wood products are known for their natural beauty, but when selecting a type of wood for your next cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, it is important to also consider the level of durability by understanding the difference between wood types. All lumber offers a high yield of tight, sound rustic characters. Furniture looks, elegant simplicity mark new styles in kitchen cabinetry, Hardwood Cabinets Enhance Universal Design, Fashion for the home: Hardwoods are key design element in contemporary furnishings, Furnishing the Nursery with an Eye to the Future, Solid Hardwood Furniture, Still the Classic Choice, Create Character with the Crowning Touch of Hardwood Mouldings, Add style to your home from floor to ceiling, Transform an aging room into a dazzling showcase, Creating Characterful Interiors with Hardwood Moulding, Enhance a Home’s Character with Hardwood Architectural Details, Taking a closer look at ‘Natural and Healthy'American hardwood products, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Consumers, American Hardwoods: Renewable, Abundant and Sustainable, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice for Your Home. For more information on non-native species, refer to the “Don’t be fooled” article. As a resource, American Hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and building. Red alder grows like a weed, doing … America’s forests contain hundreds of different hardwood tree species. It can be used for flooring, furniture making, workbenches, desks, tables, worktops, and high class joinery. When deciding to go with hardwood there are construction considerations on your selection (Solid or Engineered) but there is also a decision for you to make between a Traditional or Exotic Hardwood Species. Here you'll find charts that break down the wood types by density, hardness, stiffness and strength. What is the difference between red oak and white oak? SLOWLY BUT SURELY. 3. Alder, Red (Alnus rubra) From Alaska to California, red alder is the most common commercial hardwood. Each wood species is listed in alphabetical order in each chart with its corresponding related number next to each species. Tropical Hardwoods, including mahogany, rosewood, teak and wenge - are not native to North America. This option is more plentiful than a lot of other species, making it an excellent choice for new installations and restorations. The dominant feature separating "hardwoods" from softwoods is the presence of pores, or vessels. This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. species gallery. For optimal image quality, view on a high-resolution monitor. Some softwoods, however, can be very hard; pine, for example. Because hardness is an important factor, and hardness varies for each species, the Janka Scale of Hardness is an excellent tool to help identify appropriate choices. While some tropical hardwoods can be used for interior applications, including flooring, the color, grain pattern, hardness and luster of many imported woods differ from those of American hardwoods. Hardwood Species. Fantastic examples incorporating wood tones to create stylish designs | Houzz, https://www.facebook.com/AmericanHardwoods, https://www.pinterest.com/americanhardwds/, © 2020 Hardwood Manufacturers Association. Keeping hardwood floors looking beautiful is easier than you think. Hardwoods have a more complex structure than softwoods and are often much slower growing as a result. White Oak (Quercus spp) The sapwood is light-colored and the heartwood is light-to-dark brown. Experts agree, American Hardwood sells! For example, the hardness of woods varies widely, so certain hardwood species are not recommended for flooring because they are not hard enough to withstand heavy wear and tear. Pre-finished hardwood flooring is also generally more durable than site-finished hardwood flooring. About To Show Your Hardwood Floor The Door? I’m slowly grinding my way through roughly 800 wood species that have still yet to be listed on the site. Red alder is the largest native alder species in North America with a range confined to … Please refer to our Pricelist for a more up-to-date list of what we currently have in stock. Properties: Tough, hard, strong, close-grained, takes good polish, wears evenly, sapwood is creamy white with slight reddish-brown tinge, heartwood varies from light … These are harder species. Details for each species include; appearance, common applications, durability, strength, workability, termite-resistance and fire-resistance. Hardwood from deciduous species, such as oak, normally shows annual growth rings, but these may be absent in some tropical hardwoods. As a resource, American Hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and building. A few well-known hardwood species are oak, maple, and cherry, but many more trees share hardwood tree characteristics. The hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory, and it is five times harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods. Natural/Rustic Hardwood is graded specifically for character features. S2S: Surfaced two sides, add $0.40/bd.ft. Hardwood species From the big leaf maple and white birch to the red alder and trembling aspen, BC’s hardwood species are used to make such beautiful wood products as flooring, cabinetry and furniture, as well as musical instruments, interior millwork and more. There are many species available for wood flooring. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular domestic or exotic wood species. Clean Pruners First, always clean your pruners or knife with rubbing alcohol, or, 1-part bleach and 9-parts water to prevent the spread of disease. Hardwood Finishes More Eco-Friendly than Ever, Know your Hardwood Floors by Starting at the "Finish", Revealing Hardwood Treasure beneath Carpeting and Linoleum. Eliminating Finish Blotches on Maple and Cherry, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Specifiers, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice, Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts (Red Oak), Fixing Cracks and Squeaks in Hardwood Floors, Installing a Hardwood Floor Over a Concrete Slab, How to Install Hardwood Floors Over Radiant Heat, How to Apply Specialty Finishes for Hardwood Trim, American Hardwoods and Their Role in Carbon Neutral Design. Local 336-449-9627 or Toll Free 1-888-445-7335 All prices given are for rough lumber. Let us break down the most common hardwood floor species today and hopefully make that decision just a little easier! This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. About To Show Your Hardwood Floor The Door? The African continent is an immense area, densely wooded in many regions, with wide variations in climate. Eliminating Finish Blotches on Maple and Cherry, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Specifiers, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice, Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts (Red Oak), Fixing Cracks and Squeaks in Hardwood Floors, Installing a Hardwood Floor Over a Concrete Slab, How to Install Hardwood Floors Over Radiant Heat, How to Apply Specialty Finishes for Hardwood Trim, American Hardwoods and Their Role in Carbon Neutral Design. Each species can be crafted into durable, long-lasting furniture, cabinetry, flooring and millwork, and each offers unique markings with variation in grain pattern, texture and color. Black cherry (Prunus serotina) Black cherry, sometimes called "wild cherry," is also a very common … Please note: Only use this list as a guide for common/botanical names, etc. On this page you can search hardwoods by botanical name, common name or application. American Hardwoods Offer a Breath of Fresh Air, Mix – Don’t Match – Wood Textures and Colors; Experts Across the U.S. Urge Diversity in Design, Straight Talk About Hardwoods from Four Savvy Design Pros, Hardwood Flooring Trends – A Touch of the Creative, Hardwood Flooring Must-Know Shopping Facts. Click below to view a particular species profile or download the guide. Additionally, each species is shown in clear, light, medium and dark finishes to help visualize stain combinations of flooring, cabinetry, moulding and furniture co-existing in a single design space. The Hardwood Forestry Fund provides grants for planting high quality hardwoods on suitable sites in the US and internationally. NWFA Hardwood Floors Species Gallery. Not all species are listed or available. Hardwood Species. Create Character with the Crowning Touch of Hardwood Mouldings, Taking a closer look at ‘Natural and Healthy'American hardwood products, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Consumers, Know your Hardwood Floors by Starting at the "Finish". And while this example lists just some of the most popular hardwood species, there are hundreds of varieties, representing the North American hardwood population. North America’s forests grow hundreds of varieties that thrive in temperate climates, including oak, ash, cherry, maple and poplar species. It also used as a veneer on plywoods and MDF sheets. Other types of hardwood trees in American forests include: Birch; In a home, softwoods primarily are used as structural lumber such as 2x4s and 2x6s, with limited decorative applications. Africa also happens to be home to some of the hardest types of wood in the world. Softwoods or conifers, from the Latin word meaning “cone-bearing,” have needles rather than leaves. 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