Drought, a period of inadequate rain or no rainfall, is the main cause of crop yield loss in Africa, ultimately causing food insecurity and famines. The Drought Tolerant Maize for Africa Project has contributed towards improving seed system in sub-Saharan Africa for the past almost nine years (2007–2015), through development of drought-tolerant well-adapted maize hybrids and open-pollinated varieties to help farmers across 13 countries in eastern, west and southern Africa, cope with drought constraint in maize farming. People also cook it in a number of ways, from grinding into flour to … Various food items can be produced from sorghum, including porridge and bread. It is drought-resistant and grows up to two metres. Cool Season Drought-Tolerant Grasses Cool season drought-tolerant grasses vary in their drought tolerance; some need supplemental watering, … The Botanical Society of South Africa encourages the wise use of indigenous plants in southern Africa. Urban lawns are under ever increasing scrutiny when it comes to water usage. Still, if your area has gone a couple weeks without rainfall, it's ideal to water your plant. Highly weed resistant. March 2015. D rought is a reality in South Africa, so if you’re planning a new garden or maintaining an existing one, make every drop go further with these savvy approaches to design and upkeep. Indigenous succulents are ideal to use in a drought tolerant garden. Sorghum is a grain-grass cereal crop that includes many different species, most of which are useful as drought-resistant crops. Season to be sown . Written by: Nomama Mei and Catherine Browne. Minimise hard, impermeable surfaces like paving. Warm-season grass types need some water, but they will generally make do with much less than cool-season types. Gardening for drought is now a necessary reality in South Africa, SANBI and the Botanical Society of South Africa give some examples of how you can garden in drought conditions, by sharing with us eight plants that need little to no water. Areas it can be sown in South Africa. They boast fleshy green leaves and require partial sun, sandy soil, and warm temperature to grow. Our drought resistant plants list their water needs; sort by our filters at left to match the amount of annual rainfall typical to your region. Low-cost drought and low nitrogen-tolerant maize hybrids for food security in South Africa. We don’t recommend it as turf – the bunch grasses make it difficult (but not impossible) to mow, the species are not fine stemmed and the plants are generally too tall once establishes. Order early; limited quantities. The Drought Tolerant Maize for Africa project aims to mitigate drought and other constraints to maize production in sub-Saharan Africa, increasing maize yields by at least one ton per hectare under moderate drought and with a 20 to 30 percent increase over farmers’ current yields, benefiting up to 40 million people in 13 African countries. Bermuda grass, known for dense, dark green blades, is touted as the most drought-resistant warm-season grass. The forage grass could enable farmers to increase their incomes, according to experts at the Colombia-headquartered International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) – a CGIAR… Fairly drought resistant. Unilever and WWF have partnered with smallholder farmers in South Africa to introduce lesser-known, drought-resistant crops into Knorr’s supply chain. New varieties of high-quality, drought-resistant forage grasses could boost milk production by 40 percent and generate millions of dollars in economic benefits for struggling East African dairy farmers, according to a new analysis by experts at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture – a CGIAR Research Center. Water Wise Trees (59KB) This document covers: why we should plant trees, how to grow a tree with a strong root system to improve its ability to take up water, Water Wise forest (trees), indigenous vs exotic. According to Pennington, the deep south and Gulf Coast are most in need of drought resistant grass. South Africa, Mexico and many areas if the Mediterranean and Middle East offer us a wealth of plants that cope well in dry conditions. Choose the right plants for gardening in drought conditions: 46 Water-Wise plants for your garden LANDSCAPING. 6 Grasses for Low-Maintenance Drought-Resistant Lawns By Roberta Cruger is a writer who has been published in Smithsonian, The Believer, HOW, … Producing more drought resistant plants are part of the solution. Also, some fountain grass might need to be staked for support depending on its growth habit. The states in these regions often have water restrictions posed by their states in periods of drought, where homeowners can only water lawns on specific days. These regions have long, hot, and humid spells through the year. The drought resistant plant palette. South Africa experienced a severe multiyear drought from 2014 to 2016. Dog Tuff Grass (Cynodon hybrid) is a durable, drought-resistant lawn grass (xeric) perfect for high traffic and play areas. Succulent plants are high on the list with many gardeners, however many common garden bulbs are well adapted to hot dry summers. Areas that experience frost – No. Grow in areas that are difficult to mow. Other drought-resistant varieties of maize, sugar cane, wheat and rice are being used in field trials across the globe in Argentina, Brazil, India, South Africa and Uganda. Struggling East African dairy farmers could benefit from new varieties of high-quality, drought-resistant forage grass known as Brachiaria that boosts milk production by 40 per cent, a report says. 20 million people, including millions of children, across South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia are in urgent need of food as the East Africa food crisis worsens. Farmers should also be encouraged to grow traditional crops that are more drought-resistant and adaptable to climate change. Drought-Tolerant Grasses for the South and Southwest Drought in the South and Southwest often comes with extreme heat, and drought-tolerant grasses have to stand up to both. BY Brian Odhiambo. Photograph: Farm Africa. PHOTOS BELOW: Desert Plant Pictures These are pictures of . Best Drought Tolerant Cacti. Many drought-tolerant grasses can survive and even maintain a green colour. Here, we explore the response of a South African savannah ecosystem to this drought focusing on tree and grass dynamics. Fountain grass will be darker and shinier with full sun and medium soil moisture, but it's also tolerant to some drought. Frost free areas – Year Round. Areas that experience frost – Spring / Summer. “There is a big need to vary the types of cereals and grains that we eat,” Global Sustainability Lead Dorothy Shaver tells FoodNavigator. Behind a lawn’s drought tolerance are characteristics of an efficient root system, above or below the ground, that repairs bare or damaged grass. Evergreen . Grow in shady areas. In Europe, Spain leads the way with regards to planting transgenic crops, particularly insect-resistant maize ( Bt maize). Dymondia is a tough, versatile, low-water lawn substitute from South Africa. lantana, a common evergreen shrub found in the Phoenix area. Lists of Drought Tolerant Plants can be divided up into a number of sections. Dryland pasture seed mix is a good choice for outlying areas that are not heavily traveled, or where coverage is desired over bare ground, where little mowing will occur, or for weed control. Trials of drought-resistant seeds, funded by the Gates Foundation, have shown yield increases. In South Africa, more than 20,000 square miles of grasslands have been replaced by woodlands since 1990, according to a survey by the South African National Biodiversity Institute. This group of plants have adapted to survive in environments with very harsh drought conditions. At its back, and punctuating the whole ensemble as a focal point, is a tall ornamental grass. We used open long‐term monitoring plots established in 2000 and distributed across broad rainfall gradients in the Hluhluwe‐iMfolozi Park in KwaZulu‐Natal. Such successes remain relatively isolated, however. The South African indigenous plants used have been selected not only for their beauty, but also for their vigour, toughness and reliability despite unreliable water availability and fluctuating temperatures. Ground cover. In early 2018, over 15 million people from countries ranging across the continent — including Somalia, Ethiopia, South Africa and Kenya — were affected by drought. The num-num has lovely white flowers in spring and summer, which are followed by the delicious fruit. Native to South Africa, Hawarothias are small and beautiful succulents. Struggling East African dairy farmers could benefit from new varieties of high-quality, drought-resistant forage grass known as Brachiaria that boosts milk production by 40 per cent, a report says. Save $5 off the single plant price. In early 2018, over 15 million people from countries across the continent — including Somalia, Ethiopia, South Africa and Kenya — were affected by drought. Dog Tuff Grass (Cynodon ‘PWIN04S’) is a homeowner’s dream ... bright-green area of grass on an isolated ranch in South Africa. The company has created a grass-seed mix that is highly drought resistant. Speaking at the event, Dr Moses Siambi, ICRISAT Regional Director, Eastern and Southern Africa, and Dr Eric Manyasa, Scientist, Cereals Breeding, ICRISAT, promised to continue the good collaboration to out-scale the technologies for drought-tolerant crops to other county wards and noted that the over-reliance on maize complicated food security, more so in years when rains failed. MARY JAMES, ARC-Grain Crops Institute. Drought Resistant Landscaping Drought Tolerant Landscape Front Yard Landscaping Backyard Ideas Garden Ideas Grass Succulents Entrance Gates Nature Drought resistant (xeric). Drought isn’t uncommon in Africa. Drought-resistant grasses are one part of a drought-tolerant lawn, along with healthy soil and proper cultural practices. New Drought Resistant Grasses Workshop on Watershed Management and Land Rehabilitation in the Northwest Frontier Region of Pakistan December 6-8, ... rangeland seeding has been South Asia and Africa The primary drought tolerant grasses are native to Pakistan and the project area South Asia . Our drought resistant perennials (waterwise, xeric plants) are selected for their colorful flowers, interesting foliage, durable low-care garden performance, and habitat friendly nature. Feb 19, 2016 - This is a stunning collection of succulents native to South Africa. Finally, mounds of a shorter, drought-resistant ornamental grass variety are staggered with lamb's ears to comprise the front row. Applications . Countrywide . 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