Among his other many accomplishments were the creation of the first map of the world and the invention of an algorithm known as the sieve of Eratosthenes, which is used to identify prime numbers. The catalog was made up of 48-star constellations that were visible to the pre-modern astronomer. The map was drawn in 1154 and is the first to show the whole of Eurasia and part of North Africa. One particularly impressive feat by Eratosthenes was that he was able to determine the circumference of the earth with remarkable accuracy without even traveling from Egypt. Fast Facts: Eratosthenes Known For: Eratosthenes was a Greek polymath who became known as the father of geography. The geographer is believed to have been born in 100 AD in Egypt. Eratosthenes was the first person to use the word "geography" and other geographical terms that are still in use today, and his efforts to calculate the circumference of the Earth and the distance from the Earth to the Sun paved the way for our modern understanding of the cosmos. The accuracy of the “Geographica” book was unchallenged for hundreds of years and was widely reproduced in the Byzantine Empire. The father of geography is the very famous Eratosthenes who belonged to Greece and was known for his multi-talent in mathematics,his hobby of writing poetries and his love towards geography. Another founding father of the discipline of geography was Strabo, a 1st Century CE Greek scholar who lived in the Amaseia in modern-day Turkey. Besides, the geographer also published a book entitled, “Kitab nuzhat al-Mushtaq fi’khtiraq al-‘afaq,” in which he outlined geographic information about the world. The star catalog in the Almagest was based on a similar catalog by an earlier astronomer, Hipparchus. Strabo was born to an affluent family from Amaseia in Pontus (in present-day Turkey) in around 64 BC. His name is Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Idrisi, better known as al-Sharif al-Idrisi, the most brilliant geographer and cartographer of all times. Eratosthenes is considered the Father of Geography. Yohannes AberraOctober 1, 2020 Last July I sent the manuscript of my book on the Geography of Ethiopia, written for the first time in Amharic, to Professor Mesfin Woldemariam to review it and give me his blessings. For Exam Purposes Please do not confuse. This method became known as the sieve of Eratosthenes, as it works by filtering out the non-prime numbers in the same way that a sieve filters solids out of liquids. He was the first to use the word geography, employing it in a now-lost work titled Geographika. Father of Geography? Continental Europe and the Mediterranean were well defined in Strabo’s map. The works of Strabo were influenced by earlier Greek scholars such as Hipparchus and Eratosthenes, with Strabo citing the two in his publications. The book was among the first to outline the study of geography in history. Herodotus is called father of historical geography. His father was a physician and when he died his widow lacked any means of support for her family of five. ", Calculating the Circumference of the Earth, Famous People Who Worked at the Ancient Library of Alexandria, Inventions and Discoveries of Ancient Greek Scientists, The Ptolemies: Dynastic Egypt From Alexander to Cleopatra, Claudius Ptolemy: Astronomer and Geographer from Ancient Egypt, The Prime Meridian: Establishing Global Time and Space, Euclid of Alexandria and His Contributions to Geometry, How to Determine the Geometry of a Circle, M.A., Geography, California State University - Northridge, B.A., Geography, University of California - Davis. Books was the first to outline the study of geography Joseph Kiprop on May 14 in. Was the first to view nature holistically... See full answer below most scholars consider Eratosthenes as the of... Means of support for her family of five 84 years old word, which in Greek means `` writing the... Focused on astronomy settled in Ceuta after the death of Eratosthenes a of. 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