Besides, the geographer also published a book entitled, “Kitab nuzhat al-Mushtaq fi’khtiraq al-‘afaq,” in which he outlined geographic information about the world. His method involved taking a table of whole numbers (1, 2, 3, etc.) Continental Europe and the Mediterranean were well defined in Strabo’s map. Yohannes AberraOctober 1, 2020 Last July I sent the manuscript of my book on the Geography of Ethiopia, written for the first time in Amharic, to Professor Mesfin Woldemariam to review it and give me his blessings. He was born in 276 BC. Eratosthenes was a 2nd century BC Greek scholar who is credited as the founder of the discipline of geography. Al-Idrisi would later move to Palermo, Sicily under King Roger II. By Joseph Kiprop on May 14 2018 in Society. Geography, the study of the diverse environments, places, and spaces of Earth’s surface and their interactions. Matt Rosenberg is an award-winning geographer and the author of "The Handy Geography Answer Book" and "The Geography Bee Complete Preparation Handbook. The works of this geographer became the foundations of the study of geography. The father of geography is the very famous Eratosthenes who belonged to Greece and was known for his multi-talent in mathematics,his hobby of writing poetries and his love towards geography. Ancient Greece saw the birth of the study of geography and with it the first true world maps. Strabo’s best-known work was his “Geographical” publication in which he drew a relatively accurate map of the world as it was known to him. For Exam Purposes Please do not confuse. The word has been derived from two Greek words geo (earth) and graphos (description). His name is Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Idrisi, better known as al-Sharif al-Idrisi, the most brilliant geographer and cartographer of all times. After hearing about a deep well at Syene (near the Tropic of Cancer and modern-day Aswan) where sunlight only struck the bottom of the well on the summer solstice, Eratosthenes worked out a method by which he could calculate the circumference of the Earth using basic geometry. By taking the angle of the shadow (7.2 degrees) and dividing it into the 360 degrees of a circle (360 divided by 7.2 yields 50), Eratosthenes could then multiply the distance between Alexandria and Syene by the result to determine the circumference of the Earth. This method became known as the sieve of Eratosthenes, as it works by filtering out the non-prime numbers in the same way that a sieve filters solids out of liquids. The modern academic discipline is rooted in ancient practice, concerned with the characteristics of places, in particular their natural environments and peoples, as well as the relations between the two. Eratosthenes of Cyrene (c. 276 BCE–192 or 194 BCE) was an ancient Greek mathematician, poet, and astronomer who is known as the father of geography. Hiccatius is often called Father of Geography. Ancient Arabic sources referred to Ptolemy as “Batlamyus” from Upper Egypt. Al-Idrisi was a 12th-century Arabic geographer, who was best known for one of the most accurate geographical maps of the ancient world. According to most scholars, Eratosthenes is known as the father of Geography because he is considered to have been the first person to use the word 'Geography'. Eratosthenes is believed to have been born in 276 BC in Cyrene and was the chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria. The geographer used the length of the shadows at noon and the sun’s rays to come up with a formula that enabled him to calculate the earth’s circumference which according to him was 27,402 miles. He calculated the circumference on his own and obtained a figure of 18,000 miles—about 7,000 miles too short. Born in Cyrene, in what is now Libya, in 276 B.C., Eratosthenes grew up curious and went to Athens to learn more about the world around him. He worked as a chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria for his way of learning. This page shows answers for question: Who is the father of physical geography?. Fast Facts: Eratosthenes Known For: Eratosthenes was a Greek polymath who became known as the father of geography. The book was among the first to outline the study of geography in history. He was also the first to use the word geography. Eratosthenes was born around 276 BCE in a Greek colony in Cyrene, a territory located in present-day Libya. The map was used for hundreds of years after his death, with prominent explorers of later years such as Vasco da Gama and Christopher Columbus using the map for navigation. Know, this was a fixed globe whose changes only took place on the Moon was named his... 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