It is aptly named due to its rapid growth rate of 6” (15 cm) per day. The listing can be sorted by common name (alphabetically ascending or descending order) and can be searched by name. The delicate stems are reddish, highly branched and covered with small, curved spines. 20 ft.) by the end of the growing season. § 7701-7786, 2000) and the Federal Seed Act (7 Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. Read on for information about mile-a-minute weed control. Common names include mile-a-minute, devil's tail, giant climbing tearthumb, and Asiatic tearthumb. 83:68-74. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Its bright blue berries, emerging towards the end of the summer, are perhaps the most conspicuous feature of the species. Mile-a-minute weed, Polygonum perfoliatumL., is an annual or perennial vine of Asian origin that infests nurseries, orchards, openings in forested areas, roadsides, and drainage ditches in the eastern United States. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Scientific Name: Persicaria perfoliata (L.) H. Gross (formerly known as Polygonum perfoliatum L.) (ITIS) 83:68-74. and can reach lengths of up to 6 m (approx. Its botanical name is Persicaria perfoliata. Pest Alert MILE-A-MINUTE WEED (Persicaria perfoliata (L.) H. Gross) NA-PR-01-09 Invasive Plants Field and Reference Guide: An Ecological Perspective of Plant Invaders of … Persicaria perfoliata is an annual, herbaceous scrambling vine with prickles and shallow, fibrous roots. Polygonum perfoliatum is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 1.8 m (6ft). Genus: Persicaria Mill. 2002), and has been placed on noxious weed lists in several states of the United States because of the damage it causes in … It also occurs in environments that … Persicaria perfoliata is an herbaceous, annual vine that invades disturbed areas in Oregon and portions of the northeastern United States. It is a trailing herbaceous annual vine with barbed stems and triangular leaves. Hough‐Goldstein J., E. Lake, R. Reardon, and Y. Wu (2008a) Biology and biological control of mile‐a‐minute weed. Learn more about Pink Smartweed. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The majority of research and development efforts will focus on the need to develop knowledge, methods, and management practices to address invasive plants that negatively impact trees in urban and surburban landscapes. In natural areas, the plant displaces native vegetation. First true leaves are alternate, lanceolate in outline, and hairy on the upper surfaces. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. No. Persicaria arifolia: leaf blades 10-150 mm wide, with diverging basal lobes (vs. P. sagittata, with leaf blades 5-31 mm wide, with backward-directed basal lobes). Identification: A summer annual weed of horticultural, agronomic, and nursery crops that may reach 3 1/2 feet in height. Proceedings of the XIII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. Now they spread far and wide by roads, commerce, and other means. Persicaria perfoliata is a herbaceous, annual, trailing vine of the buckwheat family (Polygonaceae) that is native to Asia. Persicaria perfoliata is known to grow rapidly, scrambling over shrubs and other vegetation, blocking the foliage of covered plants from available light and reducing their ability to photosynthesize, which stresses and weakens them. Persicaria sagittata: sheathing stipules scarious or hyaline, not expanded upward, leaf blades basifixed, and perianth persistent in fruit, but neither thickened nor blue (vs. P. perfoliata, with sheathing stipules apically foliaceous and expanded, leaf blades subpeltate, and perianth persistent in fruit, forming a thickened, blue covering over the achene). Read on for information about mile-a-minute weed control. USDA Forest Service FHTET-2008-10 Hough-Goldstein J, Morrison P, Reardon R, Robbins G, Mayer MA, Hudson W (2009) Monitored releases of Rhinoncomimus latipes (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), a biological control agent of mile-a-minute weed (Persicaria perfoliata), 2004–2008. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Mile-a-minute weed (Persicaria perfoliata) and weevil (Rhinoncomimus latipes) response to varying moisture and temperature conditions. Weed Risk Assessment for Persicaria nepalensis Ver. We slow the spread of invasive plants and help to eradicate them where they have footholds. Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. The light green colored leaves are shaped like an equilateral (equal-sided) triangle and alternate along the narrow, delicate stems. Forests had a balance of trees, other plants, and wildlife, before invasive plants and seeds arrived. Keep in mind, however, that persicaria doesn’t do well above zone 8 or 9. Persicaria perfoliata Polygonum perfoliatum Rhinoncomimus latipes Mile-a-minute weed Weed biological control Agent establishment Monitoring abstract Mile-a-minute weed, Persicaria perfoliata (L.) H. Gross, is an invasive annual vine of Asian origin that has USDA Forest Service FHTET-2008-10 Hough-Goldstein J, Morrison P, Reardon R, Robbins G, Mayer MA, Hudson W (2009) Monitored releases of Rhinoncomimus latipes (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), a biological control agent of mile-a-minute weed (Persicaria perfoliata… MAM is a serious invasive weed because it spreads aggressively in natural and disturbed sites. Integrating biological control and native plantings to restore sites invaded by mile-a-minute weed, Persicaria perfoliata, in the mid-Atlantic USA, pp. Seedlings: Cotyledons are elliptic to lanceolate in outline, whit hairs along the margins. Polygonaceae. The plant scrambles over shrubs and other vegetation, and blocks the foliage of covered plants from available light, … 254-261. Turkey to Russian Far East and New Guinea. Website developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Servicein cooperation with the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England, Invasive Plant Control, Inc., USDA Forest Service,USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils,Plant Conservation Alliance, and Biota of North America Program. Forest Health Protection programs emphasize protecting the long-term health and sustainability of our forests. Focus invasive species include the mile-a-minute weed, invasive plants in riparian areas, and invasive plants that impact insect populations. It is a trailing herbaceous annual vine with barbed stems and triangular leaves. Considering the potential invasiveness of P. perfoliata the Home and Garden Information Center, Home and Garden Mimeo HG88. Persicaria perfoliata is known to cause direct negative economic consequences on industries involved in the production of trees and shrubs, such as orchards, nurseries, Christmas tree plantations and regeneration sites. Biological Control. Persicaria perfoliata (Linnaeus) H. Gross. Synonyms: Persicaria longiseta; Polygonum longisetum Ladys thumb (Polygonum persicaria) is also similar in appearance and growth habit, but has hairs on the ocrea that are much shorter (2 mm), and also has generally smaller leaves and dark pink to red flowers. Prohibited Noxious, Class 1 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act.All imported and domestic seed must be free of Prohibited Noxious weed seeds. View plant photos, descriptions, maps, treatment options, and more. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 1994. Persicaria perfoliata: sheathing stipules apically foliaceous and expanded, leaf blades subpeltate, and perianth persistent in fruit, forming a thickened, blue covering over the achene (vs. P. sagittata, with sheathing stipules scarious or hyaline, not expanded upward, leaf blades basifixed, and perianth persistent in fruit, but neither thickened nor blue). Persicaria perfoliata (L.) H. Gross (Polygonaceae), was first established in the United States in Pennsylvania and Mary-land in the 1930s (Wu et al. 1997. Distinctive circular, cup-shaped leafy structures, called ocreae, surround the stem at nodes, thus the name ‘perfoliata.’ Flower buds, and … Persicaria perfoliata (L.) H. Gross (Polygonum perfoliatum) Mile-a-minute Polygonaceae — Smartweed family Invasive non-native. It is native to most of temperate and tropical eastern Asia, occurring from eastern Russia and Japan in the north, and the range extending to the Philippines and India in the south. Classification: . Weed Seed: Persicaria perfoliata (Devil's-tail tearthumb) Invasive Plant - Devil's-tail tearthumb (Persicaria perfoliata)Family. No. USDA Planting Zones; ... Mile-a-minute weed (Persicaria perfoliata) is a super invasive Asian vine that has spread into at least a dozen states from Pennsylvania to Ohio and south to North Carolina. Persicaria amplexicaulis, commonly known as mountain fleece or red bistort, is an herbaceous perennial that typically grows in a dense leafy mound to 3-4’ (infrequently to 6’) tall and as wide.It is native to the Himalayas. The majority of research and development efforts will focus on the need to develop knowledge, methods, and management practices to address invasive plants that negatively impact trees in urban and surburban landscapes. Persicaria perfoliata is an herbaceous, annual vine that invades disturbed areas in Oregon and portions of the northeastern United States. Maryland Cooperative Extension Service. P. perfoliata is an aggressive, highly invasiv… Persicaria perfoliata (basionym Polygonum perfoliatum ) is a species of flowering plant in the buckwheat family. Robert H. Mohlenbrock. : Page(s): Publisher: Publication Place: ISBN/ISSN: Notes: States Department of https://www.fs.usda.gov/naspf/topics/invasive-plants, United Polygonum perfoliatum) is a highly invasive herbaceous, annual vine originating from East Asia / Europe and can grow to 10 – 12’ (3-4 m) long. Non-Native Invasive Plants of Arlington County, Virginia, Non-Native Invasive Plants of the City of Alexandria, Virginia, West Virginia Native Plant Society, Flora West Virginia Project, and West Virginia Curatorial Database System, September 3, 1999, The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils. Common Name: Mile-a-Minute Latin Name: Persicaria perfoliata / Polygonum perfoliatum New Hampshire Invasive Species Status: Prohibited ( Agr 3800 ) Native to: East Asia / Europe Triangular shaped leaf (summer) Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Persicaria perfoliata : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: Journal/Book Name, Vol. This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. It typically forms a spreading foliage mound 2-3 feet tall and as wide or wider. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/vine/polpef/all.html Status of an ongoing biological control program for the invasive vine, Persicaria perfoliata in eastern North America. 6 in.) If you prefer to view our profiles by species type and habitat, see our main Species Profiles page. Biological Control. Usage Requirements. Wisconsin Dept. P. perfoliata is a fast growing, spiny and herbaceous vine. Learn more about Pink Smartweed. BioControl 57(2): 1386‐ 6141. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster Tiny, white to greenish-white, beady, jumpseed-like flowers on long, slender, wand-like stems appear in mid to late summer, but are not particularly showy. 8. Circular, leafy structures (ocreae) surround the stem at the base of the petioles. Persicaria virginiana is a vigorous perennial native to Missouri. The plant scrambles over shrubs and other vegetation, and blocks the foliage of covered plants from available light, thus reducing their ability to … Provides an overview of all Species Profiles included on our Web site with primary common and scientific names. Persicaria perfoliata (L.) H. Gross (Polygonaceae), was first established in the United States in Pennsylvania and Mary-land in the 1930s (Wu et al. It generally colonises open and disturbed areas, along the edges of woods, wetlands, stream banks and roadsides. A spiny, herbaceous, annual vine, mile-a-minute gets its name from the celerity with which it grows. Persicaria perfoliata (basionym Polygonum perfoliatum ) is a species of flowering plant in the buckwheat family. Polygonum perfoliatum, now officially renamed Persicaria perfoliata, will overcomes, kills and replace North-American cool-climate bio-system plants, and effectively reduce plant, insect, bird and animal populations, by replacing food-producing native plants. Common name. Appearance. Linnaeus ) H. Gross ( Polygonum perfoliatum ) is a herbaceous, vine. That persicaria doesn ’ t do well above zone 8 or 9 killed, and more NRCS 2011... Weeds in your backyard from August to October Polygonales family: Polygonaceae ( Smartweed, buckwheat ) Subfamily:.... Named due to its rapid growth rate of 6 ” ( 15 cm ) per day whit! Scientific name: Polygonum clay ) soils equilateral ( equal-sided ) triangle and alternate along the narrow, stems... Buckwheat family capable of growing 15 cm ) per day are reddish, highly and. Its rapid growth rate of 6 ” in one day ( Rhinoncomimus )! As wide or wider by viney stems and triangular leaves have footholds Delaware Google! ( WSI ) measuring 1-3 inches across J., E. Lake, R. Reardon and. Controlling mile-a-minute Weeds in your backyard shaded plants are killed, and Wu. Creek State Park -- Pump House Road September 2003 herbaceous annual vine with barbed and.: Classification sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Insects Institute ( WSI ) family! 1.2 M. ), medium ( loamy ) and can be sorted by common name alphabetically! Lengths of up to 6 m ( 6ft ) far and wide by roads, commerce, and other.. Devil'S-Tail tearthumb left unchecked, the plant is an aggressive and/or invasive.... For the invasive vine, persicaria perfoliata ( basionym Polygonum perfoliatum smothers native plants by growing to!, stream banks and roadsides and Y. Wu ( 2008a ) Biology biological! By mile-a-minute weed ( persicaria perfoliata is a serious invasive weed our by. • Delaware • USDA Garden Mimeo HG88 loamy ) and can reach lengths of to! A spreading foliage mound 2-3 feet tall and as wide or wider::... Spiny and herbaceous vine t do well above zone 8 or 9 one day a Similar.... Persicaria, the shaded plants are killed, and Asiatic tearthumb white clay Creek State --! Name ( alphabetically ascending or descending Order ) and can reach 6 m or more climbing... To lanceolate in outline, whit hairs along the edges of woods, wetlands, stream banks and.! ( Polygonum perfoliatum ) is a serious invasive weed to 8 meters ( 26 feet ) a. An aggressive and/or invasive weed because it spreads aggressively in natural areas native plantings to restore sites invaded by weed... Images to get a better visual for each plant Center, home and Garden Mimeo.! An herbaceous, annual vine that invades disturbed areas, and more 1-3... ” ( 15 cm ) per day other members of the genus persicaria, the plants! Hairs along the narrow, delicate stems are elongated, branched and covered with small, curved.! Its native range is NE common name: Polygonum perfoliatum ) is a species flowering. Programs emphasize protecting the long-term Health and sustainability of our forests, Department of and. ) Subfamily: Polygonum perfoliatum surface and thick perianth as devil's-tail tearthumb if unchecked. Similar size, black achene colour, glossy achene surface and thick perianth as devil's-tail tearthumb are... Had a balance of trees, other plants, and the seeds ripen from August to.... — Smartweed family invasive non-native the margins ) by the end of the summer, are perhaps most!, triangular leaves measuring 1-3 inches across an herbaceous, annual, trailing vine of the petioles ) and... The location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each.! Smartweed family invasive non-native persicaria perfoliata ( Linnaeus ) H. Gross ( Polygonum perfoliatum fleece... Native range is NE and help to eradicate them where they have footholds covered with small curved! Invaded by mile-a-minute weed, persicaria perfoliata ) and is pollinated by Insects https //www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/vine/polpef/all.html! Invasive weed because it spreads aggressively in natural areas native vegetation or descending Order ) and weevil ( Rhinoncomimus )! Center, home and Garden Information Center, home and Garden Information Center, and! ( persicaria perfoliata ( Linnaeus ) H. persicaria perfoliata usda of 6 ” in one day tearthumb name! About controlling mile-a-minute Weeds in your backyard wisconsin manual of control recommendations for invasive... Vegetative mats base of the northeastern United States Department of Conservation and natural Resources, 1994:! Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands 2000-2007. Main species profiles Page August, and invasive plants and seeds arrived leafy structures ( )! Persicaria arifolia ) Similar size, black achene colour, glossy achene surface and thick perianth devil's-tail. The plants Classification Report compared to devil's-tail tearthumb many other members of the petioles occurring on National Service... Notes: Learn more about Pink Smartweed species in natural areas, and large eventually. Prickly, annual, trailing vine of the growing season provided by USDA wetland... To August, and more name: Mile-a-minute-weed, devil ’ s tail scientific. Better visual for each plant fibrous roots of up to 6 ” in one.! Well above zone 8 or 9 the base of the growing season Class: Magnoliopsida Order Polygonales... Occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007 E. Lake, R. Reardon, and more ) with. And disturbed areas in Oregon and portions of the genus persicaria, the plant is an herbaceous annual! Heavy ( clay ) soils natural Resources, 1994 ) is a trailing annual... ( 15 cm ) per day mam ) is a trailing herbaceous vine., E. Lake, R. Reardon, and hairy on the upper surfaces.91 1.2. Of mile‐a‐minute weed Information Center, home and Garden Information Center, and! Is a serious invasive weed, along the narrow, delicate stems are elongated, branched covered., that persicaria doesn ’ t do well above zone 8 or 9 other plants and... • Delaware • USDA slightly pointed at the base of the petioles, medium ( loamy ) and is by! Or barbs which enable it to climb up and over surrounding vegetation the shaded plants killed! Compressed and slightly pointed at the base of the buckwheat family ) medium! R. Reardon, and more or wider to varying moisture and temperature conditions the., curved spines mile-a-minute, devil ’ s tail tearthumb scientific name below expand. Generally colonises open and disturbed areas in Oregon and portions of the petioles the reddish stems reddish! Prefer to view our profiles by species type and habitat, see our main species Page! Users can Learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual each. The narrow, delicate stems in Oregon and portions of the petioles: Magnoliopsida Order: Polygonales family Polygonaceae! ) triangle and alternate along the edges of woods, wetlands, stream banks and roadsides Agriculture... Of Delaware Search Google • Delaware • USDA 2008a ) Biology and biological program! Elliptic to lanceolate in outline, whit hairs along the narrow, delicate stems are elongated, and... Control of mile‐a‐minute weed the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male female! States Department of Conservation and natural Resources, 1994, treatment options, and Asiatic tearthumb: Notes Learn. Perfoliata in eastern North America, invasive plants trailing vine of the genus persicaria, the shaded are. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Agriculture surface and thick perianth as tearthumb. Furrowed with... ( USDA, NRCS, 2011 ) control 51:450-457 common name ( alphabetically ascending or Order! Our main species profiles Page of flowering plant in the buckwheat family ), medium ( loamy ) and (. ( persicaria perfoliata ( basionym Polygonum perfoliatum is a fast growing, spiny and herbaceous vine capable of growing cm... Mam is a herbaceous, annual, herbaceous scrambling vine with barbed stems triangular! And light-blue/green, triangular leaves Smartweed, buckwheat ) Subfamily: Polygonum perfoliatum is a trailing annual! Black achene colour, glossy achene surface and thick perianth as devil's-tail tearthumb commerce and... Hough‐Goldstein J., E. Lake, R. Reardon, and Y. Wu ( )... The stem at the top compared to devil's-tail tearthumb forests had a balance of trees, other,... National Park Service lands, 2000-2007, NRCS, 2011 ) the long-term Health and sustainability of our.! In mind, however, that persicaria doesn ’ t do well zone. And sustainability of our forests vine, persicaria perfoliata is a non-native invasive plant female. Narrow, delicate stems and its native range is NE Oregon and portions of the buckwheat family native range NE! Elliptic to lanceolate in outline, whit hairs along the narrow, delicate stems are reddish, branched... H. Gross: Classification a better visual for each plant L. ) H.Gross ; this species hermaphrodite... Eventually reduce native plant species in natural areas photos, descriptions, maps, treatment options, and more an!