Ethical issues in nursing contain all the tough decisions the healthcare profession faces each day in caring for society. Legal & Ethical Issues that Health Care Professionals Face. Working in the emergency department gives rise to unique ethical considerations. Health care professionals practice in an environment that is complex, with many regulations, laws and standards of practice. Ethical and legal challenges associated with disaster nursing Objectives To identify and describe the nurses duty of care in the emergency care settings. Legal Issues The legal implications of nursing practice are tied to licensure, state and federal laws, scope of practice and a public expectation that nurses practice at a high professional standard. Ethical problems are often exacerbated by time constraints, lack of detailed information, and a high incidence of impaired cognitive abilities in the patients. Unresolved issues of legal, ethical, and professional considerations of disaster medical response remain a challenge and could hamper the ability of nurses to respond. State emergency or disaster State public health emergency Federal “FEMA” emergency Federal “DHHS” public health emergency Public health and health care authorities and powers, liabilities, immunities, and other critical legal issues vary depending on the type of emergency declared International WHO Public Health Emergency Legal issues in nursing documentation regarding medication records and medication errors are common. In a disaster, women in general may be affected differently from men because of their social status, family responsibilities or reproductive role, … In addition to publishing seven editions of Legal and Ethical Issues in Nursing, she also edited a text on nursing care at the end of life. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. She remained active in nursing education until her … A concerted effort to solving these problems is needed, with nurses and stakeholders at the national, state, and local levels. legal and ethical issues in nursing, with special empha-sis on a variety of clinical practice settings. young children, pregnant and nursing women, unaccompanied children, widows, elderly people without family support, disabled persons. When patients arrive in the ED, the triage nurse has little time to gather detailed information. There are also a number of ethical issues for nurses to consider in emergency preparedness planning and response. These are the most prevalent issues nurses face. The nurse’s education, license and nursing standard provide the framework by which nurses are expected to practice. Emergency and Urgency M edicine and Catastrophes, Disaster and Milit ary Surgery Section of the European Society for Trauma and Emergency Surgery. Medication Errors. 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