Legal aspects of nursing are therefore important to any nurse. Overview Legal Aspects of Documentation Part of Patient’s Medical Record Record in Real Time Falsifying Documentation Subject to Litigation, Audit and Review Nursing Points General Legal Aspects of Documentation Part of patient’s medical record Communicates information between providers Patients will be able to see what is written Document in real time Chart care in real […] This lesson will introduce you to the basic legal concepts and terminology of today's professional nursing. D. A nurse cannot legally diagnose illness or prescribe treatment for a client. legal. Over the last 200 years, nursing has grown from an untrained job to a highly educated and respected profession. Failure to observe and take appropriate action—forgetting to take vital signs and check dressing in a client who is newly postoperative. Necessary and adequate information should be transferred between professional health-care workers. Entries should: A. There are three major sources of primary legal material, as follows. A. This course will help nurses become educated about and be alert to the legal aspects of nursing practice. B. American Nurses Association: “The practice of nursing means the performance for compensation of professional services requiring substantial specialized knowledge of the biological, physical, behavioral, psychological, and sociological sciences and of nursing theory as the basis for assessment, diagnosis, planning, intervention, and evaluation in the promotion and maintenance of health; the case finding and management of illness, injury, or infirmity; the restoration of optimum function; or the achievement of a dignified death. The three main principles this essay will discuss are accountability, informed consent and dignity. A crime does not have to be intended (as in giving a client an accidental overdose that proves to be lethal). Legal definition: “the minimum standards of appropriate conduct within legal and regulatory parameters involving the duty owed to your patient and other members of your profession.” Submitting work vouchers for home care visits not made Breach of confidentiality Legal Aspects in Nursing. Ethical issues are wide-ranging, from organ donation, genetic engineering, assisted suicide, withholding treatment in end-of-life care, or Inappropriate use of equipment (e.g., excessive IV fluids via pump). Legal Aspects of Nursing helps to thoroughly understand the relationship between the law and Nursing practice. A. There are three primary duties for nurses, among many others, which are the duty of autonomy, confidentiality, and duty of care to all patients. What are healthcare records? The policies which will be explored are confidentiality, informed consent and autonomy. Legal is an important part of nursing, however, ethics is just as important as it varies from person to person. Fran's Case: Confidentiality In Health Care. Legal, Ethical and Professional Issues in Nursing Critically analyse how ethical, professional and legal issues underpin nursing practice. 1. Lawis defined as a code which regulates nurses' conduct (their actions). Wrong medicine, wrong dose and concentration, wrong route, wrong client. A nurse must respect the dignity of each client and family. Contraindications for being organ donator: HIV-positive status and metastatic cancer. It is imperative they have a sound understanding of various ethical, legal and professional issues they will face during their careers. Our order and rules. Maintain central venous pressure at 8 to 10 mm Hg and systolic blood pressure at greater than 90 mm Hg to prevent hypotension caused by complete dilation of systemic vasculature due to destruction of brain’s vasomotor center, cessation of antidiuretic hormone production, and decreased cardiac output. The text of the legislation for regulating nurses, midwives and nursing associates. How should data be recorded? One of the purposes for the posts on this site is to give you important information that can impact, protect or enhance your practice. As with other educational needs, nurses assess client and staff member educational deficits and educational needs relating to the legal issues that impact on their care and the care that nurses provide, respectively. In today’s multicultural society, minority ethnic groups form 7.9% of the UK population (office for National Statistics, 2001 cited by Black 2008). F. Reasonably prudent nurse: nurse must react as a reasonably prudent nurse trained in that specialty area would react. the client to communicate honestly with the treating practitioner. Find out more below. Prohibits selling of organs (National Organ Transplant Act). In the nursing profession, instances of litigation can occur, despite healthcare professionals' best efforts in providing quality care. Legal, Ethical and Professional Issues in Nursing. It’s important to have a proper system in place so nothing is accidentally missed and as much detail can be entered efficiently as possible. Legal Issues The legal implications of nursing practice are tied to licensure, state and federal laws, scope of practice and a public expectation that nurses practice at a high professional standard. In this scenario. H. A nurse is responsible for recognizing and protecting the rights of clients to refuse treatment or medication, and for reporting their concerns and refusals to the physician or appropriate agency people. Why is it important? Falls: side rails left down, infant left unattended. – Houston Chronicle, Medical Center Awards: 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, APPLY NOW (function() { var qs,js,q,s,d=document, gi=d.getElementById, ce=d.createElement, gt=d.getElementsByTagName, id="typef_orm_share", b="https://embed.typeform.com/"; if(!gi.call(d,id)){ js=ce.call(d,"script"); js.id=id; js.src=b+"embed.js"; q=gt.call(d,"script")[0]; q.parentNode.insertBefore(js,q) } })(). One of the most notable laws related to nursing is known as 'mandated reporting'. Should I follow a physician’s orders if (a) I know it is wrong, or (b) I disagree with his or her judgment? Legal aspects to protect potential donors and to expedite acquisition. Report it to your supervisor. For example, if a nurse works with fetal monitors, she must know how to use the monitors, know how to read the strips, and know what actions to take based on the findings. —violating a person’s right to refuse physical contact with another. It is a truism that every elderly person is different. Law and ethics are core elements of daily nursing practice. Purpose The purpose of this course is to instruct the nurse learner on legal aspects of nursing that could impact her licensure. Interview-Ready Nursing Jobs in the U.S.A. Legal Aspects of Nursing: Questions Most Frequently Asked by Nurses About Nursing and the Law, NCLEX: Psychosocial Integrity: Behavioral/Mental Health Care Throughout the Life Span, NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance; Nursing Care of the Childbearing Family, U.S. NCLEX Application and Exam Requirements for Foreign/ International RNs and LPNs, NCLEX-RN Case Study: Women’s Health Nursing, Accessing Your State’s Nurse Practice Act and Administrative Rules, NCLEX Strategies: How to Answer Tricky Questions, NCLEX in Canada: Comprehensive Guide on Applications and Requirements, Fluid and Electrolytes Questions in NCLEX, Fundamentals of Nursing Questions with Rationale, Legal Aspects of Nursing: Ethical and Legal Considerations in Intensive Care. Legal definition of brain death (Uniform Determination of Death Act)—absence of: breathing movement, cranial nerve reflex, response to any level of painful stimuli, and cerebral blood flow; and flat EEG. The nurse’s education, license and nursing standard provide the framework by which nurses are expected to practice. Along with compassion for your patients, you need a high level of professionalism and ethics to thrive as a registered nurse. Two different cases will be discussed and explored; an advance directive case involving a woman by the name of Marianne, and a malpractice case involving a nurse and the involved healthcare organization. The current legal framework in the UK includes statute law and case law. Legal and Ethical issues in nursing Introduction The aim of this essay is to discuss the legal and ethical issues in nursing practice about gaining consent and why it is important. Nurses know they must have their patients’ informed consent before giving any form of care or treatment but they may not be fully aware of the legal basis behind this and the implications of not doing so. Reach out to our friendly support for all your questions. This essay will discuss the underpinning professional, ethical and legal principles of nursing using the standards of conduct outlined by the professional regulatory body; the Nursing and Midwifery Council in the code of conduct (NMC 2009). 2. B. When legal issues arise, the nursing documentation becomes a central part of proving whether standards of care were met or not. Start studying Legal & Ethical Aspects of Nursing. legal aspects of nursing. However, if the nurse is a witness against the client, without the client’s permission to release information, the nurse must keep the information confidential by invoking the privileged communication rule if the state law recognizes it and if it applies to the nurse. The thrust of public law is to attain what are deemed valid public goals, such as reporting child abuse. 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